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Edward G. Miner Library

Health Humanities: Primary and Secondary Sources: Secondary Sources

This guide is designed as a starting point for research in the biomedical field.

Secondary Biomedical Sources


Secondary sources list, summarize, compare, and evaluate primary information and studies so as to draw conclusions on or present the current state of knowledge in a discipline or subject. Sources may include a bibliography that directs you back to the primary research discussed in the work.

Secondary Sources include:

  • reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analysis
  • newsletters and professional news sources
  • practice guidelines & standards
  • clinical care notes
  • patient education information
  • government & legal information
  • monographs
  • entries in medical or nursing encyclopedias